Aerobic or Anaerobic Exercise? Which is Better for Your Health?

Aerobic or Anaerobic Exercise

Walking, bicycling, or running are some types of aerobic exercises involving moving your body while breathing more quickly and enhancing blood flow. You can endure this level of exercise for a considerable amount of time.

Suppose you can somewhat comfortably hold a conversation during exercise, not talking as though you are not exercising but can talk while slightly breathless. In that case, you’re at an aerobic level.

Sprinting or weightlifting are types of anaerobic exercise that cannot be continued for an extended period.

Which one is better for losing weight? You should include both aerobic and anaerobic exercise into your workout routine because they both have advantages. Anaerobic exercise, however, is the best option if losing weight is your priority.

What is the Science After Aerobic and Anaerobic?

Oxygen levels are what distinguish aerobic exercise from anaerobic exercise.

When you exercise aerobically or “with oxygen,” your muscles have access to adequate oxygen to generate the necessary amount of energy. Anaerobic exercise, or “without oxygen,” occurs when oxygen demand exceeds oxygen supply, and you cannot meet your body’s energy needs. As a result, lactate is produced, which finally causes exercise to stop.

Difference Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercise

To carry out all of its everyday tasks, the human body needs a constant supply of energy, which it obtains from the food it consumes. The body stores the nutritional energy that is not immediately used, such as fat or glycogen. Whether you’re slicing vegetables or running a marathon, the body has diverse systems for releasing energy and adjusting to the energy requirements of various scenarios. Some of the processes are referred to as “aerobic,” where “aer” stands for the usage of oxygen in the muscles’ energy production. Other processes are “anaerobic,” meaning they can release energy without oxygen.

Our body needs to produce energy as efficiently as possible depending on the length and intensity of any form of physical exercise. The aerobic and anaerobic processes frequently complement one another.

Depending on the degree, length, and kind of muscle fibers employed during an exercise, we either need energy from aerobic or anaerobic processes. Our bodies work hard and quickly during anaerobic exercises, which causes an immediate requirement for energy. This power originates from elements that are readily accessible and already present in our bodies. Although oxygen is not required for this process, the quantity of energy that can be released in this method is minimal.

Because oxygen must first travel through our circulation to the muscles before energy can be released, the aerobic system is slower than the anaerobic training. Our lungs and hearts work extremely hard to ensure that the body receives enough oxygen during aerobic exercises, which are less vigorous but continue longer. The body uses this oxygen to metabolize glucose and other energy-rich substances, such as lipids, to produce the energy needed for the workout. Anaerobic activities release energy quicker, but aerobic processes generally use oxygen to have more power than anaerobic processes.

Instead of drawing a sharp distinction between aerobic and anaerobic workouts, it can be beneficial to conceive of them on a spectrum from “primarily aerobic” to “mainly anaerobic.” Additionally, many sports mix the two; for example, jogging and walking are primarily aerobic, with sprinting is primarily anaerobic for brief periods. The detailed energy contribution to the overall energy demand varies from person to person and can be altered by how much we regularly exercise and what we eat.

Aerobic vs. anaerobic: Which is Better?

Exercise, both aerobic and anaerobic, is crucial for good health. While anaerobic exercise will primarily increase our muscle strength, aerobic exercise will primarily increase our cardiovascular endurance.

More exercise has been shown to have additional health benefits, including enhancing bone health, increasing muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness, and lowering the risk of noncommunicable diseases and depression. Adults should strive to raise their weekly amounts of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise to 300 minutes or weekly amounts of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise to 150 minutes. Another choice is to engage in an identical quantity of both severe and moderately intense exercise.

While aerobic and anaerobic exercise has their place in a well-rounded fitness routine, one must choose according to their body’s needs. Join the FITPASS community and get inspired while attending new workout sessions. Find out the best aerobic classes near you and enroll today!



Swati Khandelwal is a health and fitness enthusiast and Graduation in Physical Education from Delhi University. She generally writes and shares her knowledge on health and fitness to help people to reach their fitness goals.